Basic Spanish Course

The three types of regular verbs in Spanish: CLASS 7

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Transcript of class: Three types of regular verbs in Spanish


There are three types of Spanish verbs, which are distinguished by their endings: -ar, -er and -ir. Below are some examples of regular verbs with their conjugations in present tense.

The verb hablar (to speak) is a model for all regular verbs ending with -ar:


yo hablo I speak
tú hablas you speak
él  habla he speaks
ella habla       she speaks
nosotros hablamos we speak
vosotros habláis you speak
ellos hablan they speak

Formal…

usted habla you speak
ustedes hablan you speak (plural)

The verb comer (to eat) is a model for all regular verbs ending with -er:

yo como I eat
tú comes you eat
él  come he eats
ella come         she eats
nosotros comemos we eat
vosotros comeis you eat
ellos hablan they eat

Formal…

usted come you eat
ustedes comeis you eat (plural)


The verb vivir (to live) is a model for all regular verbs ending with -ir:


yo vivo I live
tú vives you live
él  vive he lives
ella vive         she lives
nosotros vivimos we live
vosotros vivis you live
ellos viven they live

Formal…

usted vive you live
ustedes vivis you live (plural)


Real work

As most of the problems people have with Spanish are the verb endings, this is a chance for you to score an early victory and to dominate a key pillar of the language right at the start of the course.

Task 1) Write out the conjugations of the three verbs repeatedly. Or at least read and recite them many times.

Task 2) Translate the following. If you need ’the answers’ then you haven’t studied sufficiently. The test is about how long it takes you to recall…not whether you recall correctly. However, in case of doubt – refer to the beginning of the unit.

 

  1. yo hablo
  2. you live (plural formal)
  3. I live
  4. you live (singular formal)
  5. speak
  6. you live (singular formal)
  7. ellos viven
  8. yo como
  9. yo como
  10. you speak (plural formal)
  11. we eat
  12. hablan
  13. vosotros habláis
  14. ella habla
  15. yo hablo
  16. él come
  17. you speak (singular formal)
  18. we live
  19. ustedes comeis
  20. you speak
  21. you speak
  22. he speaks
  23. he lives
  24. she speaks
  25. tú hablas
  26. usted come
  27. I live
  28. usted come
  29. ella vive
  30. they eat
  31. you speak (singular formal)
  32. comeis
  33. tú hablas
  34. we live
  35. you live
  36. él habla
  37. you eat (plural)
  38. usted come
  39. they live
  40. he eats
  41. you eat (singular formal)
  42. él habla
  43. you live
  44. nosotros comemos
  45. vosotros vivis
  46. you speak
  47. hablamos
  48. yo como
  49. we eat
  50. you speak (singular formal)
  51. we speak
  52. we eat
  53. viven
  54. you eat
  55. yo vivo
  56. él vive
  57. she eats
  58. you speak (singular formal)
  59. vosotros habláis
  60. she eats
  61. él habla
  62. hablan
  63. ella come
  64. you eat (singular formal)
  65. he eats
  66. ustedes vivis
  67. they eat
  68. hablas
  69. we speak
  70. usted vive
  71. hablan
  72. she eats
  73. ella come
  74. usted habla
  75. I eat
  76. hablo
  77. you eat
  78. ellos viven
  79. they eat
  80. you live (singular formal)
  81. you speak (singular formal)
  82. vivis
  83. I eat
  84. she speaks
  85. ustedes vivis
  86. he lives
  87. you eat (plural)
  88. usted come
  89. they eat
  90. comeis
  91. hablan
  92. you speak (plural formal)
  93. I live
  94. hablan
  95. you live
  96. ella come
  97. ellos viven
  98. she lives
  99. you eat
  100. you live (singular formal)
  101. we speak
  102. tú vives
  103. they live
  104. ellos hablan
  105. you eat (singular formal)
  106. usted habla
  107. he lives
  108. she lives
  109. hablan
  110. él vive
  111. he speaks
  112. vosotros habláis
  113. ella come
  114. they speak
  115. usted vive
  116. nosotros comemos
  117. ustedes hablan
  118. vosotros comeis
  119. she lives
  120. we live
  121. nosotros vivimos
  122. ella habla
  123. you live
  124. ustedes comeis
  125. ella vive
  126. she speaks
  127. you eat (singular formal)
  128. you eat
  129. he eats
  130. vivo
  131. como
  132. hablas
  133. he lives
  134. you speak (plural formal)
  135. I speak
  136. comes
  137. ella habla
  138. ustedes hablan
  139. usted habla
  140. ella vive
  141. you speak
  142. I live
  143. usted habla
  144. ustedes vivis
  145. nosotros comemos
  146. vosotros comeis
  147. you speak
  148. hablas
  149. vivimos
  150. they live
  151. él habla
  152. you eat
  153. él come
  154. they speak
  155. ustedes hablan
  156. él come
  157. they live
  158. vivimos
  159. he speaks
  160. comes
  161. they eat
  162. ustedes comeis
  163. vivimos
  164. usted vive
  165. comeis
  166. ustedes vivis
  167. they speak
  168. you speak
  169. ella vive
  170. él vive
  171. él vive
  172. I live
  173. they speak
  174. comemos
  175. ellos hablan
  176. she speaks
  177. usted habla
  178. I eat
  179. we eat
  180. you speak
  181. yo como
  182. you eat
  183. he speaks
  184. I speak
  185. nosotros hablamos
  186. you live (plural formal)
  187. we live
  188. yo vivo
  189. you live
  190. you speak
  191. ustedes comeis
  192. hablamos
  193. they live
  194. I speak
  195. you live
  196. you live
  197. you eat
  198. you eat (plural)
  199. you eat
  200. vivis
  201. vivo
  202. you eat
  203. ustedes vivis
  204. tú vives
  205. she eats
  206. you speak
  207. hablan
  208. she lives
  209. she lives
  210. he speaks
  211. tú vives
  212. ella habla
  213. you eat (singular formal)
  214. comes
  215. you eat (plural)
  216. we live
  217. vivo
  218. you live (plural formal)
  219. ustedes comeis
  220. nosotros comemos
  221. ella habla
  222. ellos viven
  223. I speak
  224. you live (plural formal)
  225. él come
  226. you live (singular formal)
  227. you speak (plural formal)
  228. you eat (plural)
  229. él come
  230. you speak (plural formal)
  231. tú comes
  232. nosotros vivimos
  233. you live
  234. usted vive
  235. ellos hablan
  236. usted vive
  237. I eat
  238. ustedes hablan
  239. vivis
  240. tú comes
  241. vosotros habláis
  242. I eat
  243. we eat
  244. she eats
  245. you live (plural formal)
  246. he eats
  247. yo hablo
  248. he lives
  249. you eat
  250. ella come
  251. she speaks
  252. vivis
  253. hablamos
  254. usted come
  255. habláis
  256. él vive
  257. we speak
  258. ustedes hablan
  259. tú vives
  260. you live
  261. él habla
  262. yo hablo
  263. ella vive
  264. tú vives
  265. you speak
  266. we speak
  267. hablamos
  268. I speak
  269. you live

he eats

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