Basic Spanish Course

A brief guide to the article in Spanish. How to say ‘the’: CLASS 4

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Transcript of class: CLASS 4: The article in Spanish: how to say ‘the’


Okay, so we’ve just talked about how all objects have a gender, and that’s why there’s no satisfactory word for ‘it’. Let’s switch our focus now to other complications and rules around gender.

__ Generally, a noun that ends in ‘o’ is masculine – libro – and a noun that ends in ‘a’ is feminine – mesa.
__ However, there are exceptions: where nouns in end in other letters e.g.‘hombre – man’ and ‘mujer – woman’.
__ There are exceptions where the rule is inverted: e.g. ‘la mano – the hand’ (‘mano’ ends in ‘o’ so should be masculine but it’s not.)


Singular and Plural: The


Now we need to add another complication. In Spanish you already have the punishing task of thinking whether an object is masculine or feminine, but you also need to think if it’s singular or plural. This is not only because – as in English – you need to add an ‘s’ to indicate there are ‘bookS’ rather than ‘a book’ but because a plural object affects the words associated with it. The most important example is ‘the’.

Therefore, If you are referring to ‘the tables’ you have to use a form of ‘the’ which demonstrates not only that the table is feminine but that there are more than one of them. In other words you need to use the feminine plural: las.

These are the different forms of ‘the’

__ MASCULINE SINGULAR: el
__ MASCULINE PLURAL: los
__ FEMININE SINGULAR:  la
__ FEMININE PLURAL: las

So, with four different versions of ‘the’ to think about…now you understand why it’s necessary to take a siesta in spain: their language is so fucking complicated you need to sleep halfway through the day. Fortunately, though, Vocatic students love complicated, isn’t that right…

STUDENT: Yes sir!

HOMEWORK: I’m going to say an object and you have to think whether it’s masculine or feminine (by listening to the ending ‘o’ or ‘a’,) and whether it’s singular or plural…and then  tell me the correct form of ‘the’ in Spanish.


Vaso
Mesas
Libros
Vida
Edificios
Mesas
Playa
Playas
Mesa
Libro
Edificio
Mesa
Médicos
Playa
Manzana
Libros
Vasos
Medico
Libro
Vaso
Libro
Mesa
Pelota
Pelotas
Casa
Niño
Niñas
Niños
Niñas
Niño

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